认识6种基础人像布光

认识6种基础人像布光

相信大家都明白光线对摄影来说是最基本、必要的元素,好的光线能够显著提升照片的画面质量。而对于最典型的室内人像摄影来说,恰当的灯光设定与布光,正是拍摄的关键所在。

以下是来自摄影师 Darlene Hildebrandt 的分享,为我们展示了6种最基本的布光。在学习布光之前,先要知道什么是眼神光,如下图︰

6种人像布光-01

大家可以看到婴儿的双眼里,反射着光源,看来双目有神。

6种人像布光-02

近看会发现是个六边形的光,其实就是摄影师将六边形的柔光罩套在闪光灯上,然后打出来的光源。

1. 分割布光

6种人像布光-03

顾名思议,就是把面孔一分为二,一面亮,一面暗,会制造出较强烈的戏剧感,适合比较个性或气质较强的人物,例如艺术家、音乐家等,当然这种效果会显得阳刚之气较重。

6种人像布光-04

想要制造这个效果,可把光源以90度置于拍摄对象的左边或右边,可稍稍前移或后移,以迁就不同的脸型。要注意的是,布光要跟随对象的面孔的方向而改变,头部转向的时候,灯光也应一起转动。

2. 环形布光

6种人像布光-05

这种布光是让鼻子在面颊上投下一些影子,想制造到这效果,要把光源摆放在稍高于眼睛,并且与相机成30-40度角的位置。

6种人像布光-06

留意上图的效果,光源稍高于眼睛,鼻子的投影并不会与面颊阴影相连,而是稍稍朝向下,同时光源也没有过高,以致失去眼神光。下图则是以上照片的模拟,黑色背景代表树林,摄影师用白色反光板,把阳光打向拍摄对象。这是很常用的手法,不过常见的错误就是把反光板放的太低,光线打在鼻孔上,不能制造出理想的效果。

6种人像布光-07

3. 伦勃朗光

6种人像布光-08

这个名称正是来源于画家伦勃朗所常用于绘画的布光手法,上图就是他的自画像,我们可以看到脸上那三角形的光位就是这种布光的标记。

6种人像布光-09

与环形布光不同,在伦勃朗光下的鼻子与面颊的影子是相连的。不过更重要是,确保阴影那边的眼睛依然有眼神光,以保持炯炯有神的面貌,这样照片也更具戏剧感。

6种人像布光-10

拍摄时模特要将正脸稍稍转离光源,同时光源的位置应该高过头部,让鼻子的阴影与面颊的阴影相连。不过并非所有人都适合这种布光,颧骨较大的人拍摄出来的效果会比较理想,而鼻梁不够高的人则较难达到效果。所以布光应该选择合适的对象,不能一概而论。

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