新手入门:轻松学会跳灯补光

新手入门:轻松学会跳灯补光

一般手上有外接闪光灯的摄影朋友们,拍照时都会想运用“跳灯”方式,改善闪光灯直打导致的光质过硬、阴影过深的问题。其实光是跳灯,就有很多值得我们学习的小技巧,专业摄影师 Garry Chung 为我们分享了简易跳灯的使用技巧,相当实用好上手,适合入门摄影朋友们学习参考。

“跳灯”一词,其实就代表弹跳灯光的意思,其目的是将外接闪光灯打出来的光线,经由其它介质弹跳反射,以达到柔化光质的效果,一般摄影常用天花板、墙壁进行反射,效果也是最显著的。

很多专业的人像作品都是使用跳灯技法拍摄的。图片来源:digital-photography-school
很多专业的人像作品都是使用跳灯技法拍摄的。图片来源:digital-photography-school

要使用跳灯补光,外接闪光灯的选择很重要,一般中高级的外接闪光灯,如佳能 600EX-RT、430EX 或尼康 SB-910、SB-700,都配备可上下左右自由摆动的灯头,如此一来才能随心所欲使用跳灯。

务必选择能自由摆头的外接闪光灯。图片来源:digital-photography-school
务必选择能自由摆头的外接闪光灯。图片来源:digital-photography-school

再来,选择理想的跳灯介质,最理想的是白色天花板或白色墙壁,因为若是介质带有颜色,会让光线夹杂颜色,影响光线的质量。

外接闪光灯直打的缺点:

生硬光线:直打光线因为强度较高,容易形成强烈的明暗对比,造成阶调分明,尤其阴影部分会显得非常黑,因此不适合拍摄人像。

缺乏立体感:由于闪光直接照射,加上照明区域狭窄,光线较平,照片会缺乏立体感。

那么,跳灯该怎么打才能发挥完整的效果呢?摄影师 Garry Chung 在此以常见的室内场景为例,并用不同方向的跳灯,为我们示范各种跳灯的补光方法:

以常见的室内场景当作范例。图片来源:digital-photography-school
以常见的室内场景当作范例。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯直打拍摄,可见光线非常生硬不自然。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯直打拍摄,可见光线非常生硬不自然。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯向上,以天花板为介质跳灯拍摄,光线立即柔和不少。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯向上,以天花板为介质跳灯拍摄,光线立即柔和不少。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯向左,以墙壁当介质跳灯拍摄,可在右方形成柔和阴影,同时能制造一些眼神光效果。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯向左,以墙壁当介质跳灯拍摄,可在右方形成柔和阴影,同时能制造一些眼神光效果。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/80秒,ISO800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯同样向左,以墙壁跳灯,但调整了相机快门速度,让现场光源消失,只留下闪光灯的光线,效果更为理想。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/200秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
外接闪光灯同样向左,以墙壁跳灯,但调整了相机快门速度,让现场光源消失,只留下闪光灯的光线,效果更为理想。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/200秒,ISO 800,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
实际运用跳灯时,可尝试调整相机的光圈、快门与 ISO 参数,可适度平衡主体与背景的亮度,拍出自然的影像。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/30秒,ISO 1600,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school
实际运用跳灯时,可尝试调整相机的光圈、快门与 ISO 参数,可适度平衡主体与背景的亮度,拍出自然的影像。50mm 镜头,光圈 F4.0,快门1/30秒,ISO 1600,E-TTL 闪光灯模式。图片来源:digital-photography-school

(本文转自 DIGI PHOTO

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