如何利用窗户光源拍好室内人像

如何利用窗户光源拍好室内人像

自然光发散而柔和,是最理想的摄影光源,在人像摄影中也是如此。而在拍摄室内人像时,窗边是最能有效利用自然光的地点。

事实上,大部分专业级别的室内人像,都会利用到窗户光源。几乎所有室内写真集,都少不了这样的窗边照。

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作为摄影爱好者,我们自然希望自己的水准能更向专业级别靠拢,所以今天小编将为您讲解利用窗户光源拍人像的注意事项。

1.最佳天气:阴

当天的天气决定了窗户光源的状态。一般来说,阴天是最适合拍摄的天气。

阴天没有太阳直射光。光线均匀而柔和,强度适中,色温恰当,阴影最少。

在阴天,即使是侧光,在脸上留下的阴影也非常少
在阴天,即使是侧光,在脸上留下的阴影也非常少

雨天的窗户光源亮度很低,难以独立充当主光源。

而在晴天,直射阳光可能在脸上留下过多阴影;即使避开直射光,窗户光源的亮度也总是偏高。

晴天的光线过于刺眼,影响视觉效果
晴天的光线过于刺眼,影响视觉效果

2.柔化光线

如果由于日程安排等原因不得不在晴天拍摄,必须想办法柔化光线,并降低光线强度。

最佳的方案是选择清晨,太阳还未完全升起时拍摄,可以得到类似阴天的柔光效果。

不过这个时间段过早,而且持续时间短,不太好把握,亮度也往往较低。

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另一个方案就是选择太阳角度稍高的时机拍摄,避开阳光直射人脸,同时用窗帘或百叶窗等道具降低亮度,柔化光线。

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3.面部朝向

进行了必要的前期准备工作之后,接下来要考虑的是拍摄对象的面部朝向。

全脸正对窗户,侧脸对着镜头可以使窗户光源变成顺光,最大限度减少面部阴影,对人脸的照明效果也最强,让人看起来更白。

同时顺光使人脸丧失立体感的缺陷,在侧脸照中也不复存在。这样的站位能有效凸显面部轮廓,显得鼻子高而挺拔。

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脸部微侧,与窗口呈45°到60°角也是个常用姿势。略微低低头,这个姿势会很显脸型。

但需要注意的是,光源对两侧脸部的照明效果会略有差异,光照强度越高光差越明显,直射光下甚至会出现明显阴影。

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当光线过强的时候,可以让拍摄对象后退几步,避开直射光,这样虽然整体亮度会变暗,但光线分布更均匀。

利用窗户光源拍摄逆光、侧逆光照则是小清新风格写真的最爱。

傍晚最适合拍摄这类照片,不仅画面会呈现暖色调,落日余晖还会给人添上一道金红色的轮廓光,视觉效果十分华丽。

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不过,拍摄侧、逆光照一般都需要补光,否则人物的脸部会过黑。

补光固然可以使用闪光灯,但既然在窗边,有现成的自然光源,还是使用反光板效果更好。接下来就为您简述反光板的使用方法。

4.反光板补光

反光板,顾名思义,可以反射光线,改变光线方向。使用起来大概是这个样子的:

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具体操作真的很简单,保持反光板平整,调整角度把光线打到人物脸上就可以了。

反光板分为白色、金色、银色三种。拍摄窗边人像时我们主要用到金色和白色两种。

白色反光板反射的光线柔和,且颜色与入射光相同,适用于反射白昼的透窗光线。

白色反光板
白色反光板

光滑的大张白纸或泡沫板,也能临时充当白色反光板使用,但反射光的亮度会有明显下降,需缩短反光板与人物间的距离。

而金色反光板反射的光线非常明亮,带有金黄的暖色调,用于傍晚、落日时分的人像补光。

金色反光板
金色反光板

想要改变补光区域,就调整反光板角度;想要调整补光强度,就调整反光板与人物的距离,就是这么简单。

5.尝试黑白

背景杂色较多?玻璃的颜色奇怪,影响光源色调?拍摄对象脸上有小红疙瘩?

那就尝试拍成黑白的吧,舍弃了颜色后这些问题统统都不存在了。

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不过,拍黑白时千万不要拍正面的胸上半身照,原因你懂得^_^

以上就是利用窗边光源拍室内人像的基本方法,接下来就轮到您动手实践啦~

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